Red Clover Cover Crop Plant

Red clover is a short-lived biennial clover that is very winter-hardy and will work well interseeded into wheat or other cereals in the spring, a few months before harvest. Part of the red clover protein is a bypass protein allowing it to make an excellent livestock feed. While being both heat and shade tolerant, red clover can fix nitrogen and can produce upwards of 100 lbs/ac of nitrogen under optimal conditions.

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Key Benefits

  • Spring interseeding

  • Winter-hardy

  • Heat and shade tolerant

Herbicides To Avoid

Corn

  • Atrazine or simazine at >1 lb will be problematic for legumes and mustards unless lots of rain

    • <0.75 lab/A may allow for most legume cover crops, mustards, and annual ryegrass.
    • Atrazine < 1 lb/A can allow cereal grain establishment
  • Mesotrione (Callisto, Lumax, Lexar etc.), flumetsulam (Python) and clopyralid (Stinger, Hornet, SureStart) can be problematic for legumes and mustards like canola and forage radish.

Soybean

  • Chlorimuron (Classic, Canopy, Cloak, etc.), Imazethapyr (Pursuit), and fomesafen (Reflex etc.) could be a problem for fall seeded legume or mustard covers including radish. However, establishment of cereal grains should be OK.

Technical Information

Erosion Control
Forage Quality
Nitrogen Source
Nutrient Scavenging
Quick Growth
Soil Building
Weed Suppression
Winter Hardiness
Seeding Rate LBS/A Drilled: 8 – 10
Broadcast: 9 – 11
Aerial: 10 – 12
Seeding Depth 0.25″ – 0.5″
Minimum Germination Temperature 41° F
Interseed Yes
Seeds/LB 272,000

Technical Information

Erosion Control
Forage Quality
Nitrogen Source
Nutrient Scavenging
Quick Growth
Soil Building
Weed Suppression
Winter Hardiness
Seeding Rate

LBS/A

Drilled: 8 – 10
Broadcast: 9 – 11
Aerial: 10 – 12
Seeding Depth 0.25″ – 0.5″
Min. Germ. F° 41° F
Interseed Yes
Seeds/LB 272,000