Oat Cover Crop Plant

Oats are typically spring seeded between March and April for grain production or as a nurse crop for establishing forage legumes. Oats can also be sown in the late summer or fall for a cover crop or forage source. Spring oats are an ideal choice for first-time cover crop users due to their compatibility and ease of winter kill termination. Winter oats are another choice as a cover crop with live roots going further into the fall/winter for increasing soil microbial activity, but they may have to be terminated before planting a cash crop in more southern latitudes.

Tech Sheet Download

Key Benefits

  • Great in Winter-Kill Mixes

  • Versatile

  • Mycorrhizal Fungi Host

Technical Information

Erosion Control
Forage Quality
Nutrient Scavenging
Quick Growth
Soil Building
Weed Suppression
Winter Hardiness
Nitrogen Produced
Seeding Rate LBS/A Drilled: 30 – 60
Broadcast: 33 – 66
Aerial: 36 – 72
Seeding Depth ½” – 1 ½”
Minimum Germination Temperature 38° F
Interseed Late
Seeds/LB 15,000 – 20,000
Seeding rate can be increased for forage production. Consult with your Bio Till representative.

Corn Plantings

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
2,4-D 4S 2,4-D 1-2pt 7 Wait 30 days
Accent 75DF/Steadfast75DF nicosulfuron/nicosulfuron + rimsulfuron 0.66 oz/0.75 oz 21 15-30% stand reduction observed
Armezon/Impact 2.8SC topramezone 0.75 fl oz 14 15-30% stand reduction observed
Atrazine 4L atrazine 1-2 qt 15-90 15-30% stand reduction observed
Balance Pro 4L/Balance Flexx 2L isoxaflutole 3 fl oz/6 fl oz 50 – 120 15-30% stand reduction observed
Callisto 4L (includes Acuron, Acuron Flexi, Halex GT, Harness Max, Instigate, Lexar, Lumax, Resicore, Revulin, Solstice, Zemax, etc.) mesotrione 3-6 fl oz 10 – 50 Sequential applications increase the potential for injury | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Capreno 3.45SC tembotrione + thiencarbazone 3 fl oz 15 15-30% stand reduction observed
Clarity/Banvel 4S (DiFlexx, Distinct, Engenia, Status, XtendiMax/FeXapan) dicamba 16-24 fl oz 5-14 Wait 120 days
Corvus 2.63SC isoxaflutole + thiencarbazone 5.6 fl oz 50-120
Dual II Mag 7.62E/Cinch metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50
Harmony 50WDG thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Laudis 3.5SC (DiFlexx Due) tembotrione 3 fl oz 14 Field bioassay recommended | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60
Peak 57WG (and Spirit) prosulfuron 1 oz 9-152
Permit/Sandea 75DF halosulfuron ⅔ oz 9-27
Prowl H2O 3.8CS pendimethalin 3 pt 44 Mid-Atlantic areas have not witnessed carryover
Python 80WDG (Hornet and SureStart flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 15-30% stand reduction observed
Simazine 4L (Princep) simazine 1-2 qt 60
Stinger 3S (Hornet, Resicore, SureStart) clopyralid 5 oz 40 15-30% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Anthem) pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 >30% stand reduction observed

Soybean Plantings

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
Assure II/Targa 0.88E Quizalofop 8 oz 60 Wait 120 days
Authority 75DF (Authority First, BroadAxe, Sonic, Spartan) Sulfentrazone 4 oz 32-302 <15% stand reduction observed
Classic 25DF (Authority XL, Canopy, Envive, Fierce, Fierce XLT, Synchrony, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Chlorimuron 0.5-2 oz 40 15-30% stand reduction observed
Dual II Magnum 7.62E/Cinch Metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50 <15% stand reduction observed
FirstRate 84WDG (Authority First, Sonic) Cloransulam 0.3 to 0.6 oz 8-33 <15% stand reduction observed
Harmony 50WDG Thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) Metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60 <15% stand reduction observed
Pursuit 2S (Authority Assist, Optill, Zidua Pro) Imazethapyr 4 fl oz 60-90 <15% stand reduction observed
Python 80WDG Flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 Wait 9 months
Reflex 2E/Flexstar 1.88E (Warrant Ultra) Fomesafen 1.5 pt 100 <15% stand reduction observed
Select 2E Clethodim 10 oz 3 Wait 30 days
Valor 51WDG (Afforia, Envive, Fierce, Surveil, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Flumioxazin 2.5 oz 12-20 <15% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Anthem) Pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 15-30% stand reduction observed

Technical Information

Erosion Control
Forage Quality
Nutrient Scavenging
Quick Growth
Soil Building
Weed Suppression
Winter Hardiness
Nitrogen Produced
Seeding Rate

LBS/A

Drilled: 30 – 60
Broadcast: 33 – 66
Aerial: 36 – 72
Seeding Depth ½” – 1 ½”
Min. Germ. F° 38° F
Interseed Late
Seeds/LB 15,000 – 20,000
Seeding rate can be increased for forage production. Consult with your Bio Till representative.

Corn Plantings

swipe for additional information

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
2,4-D 4S 2,4-D 1-2pt 7 Wait 30 days
Accent 75DF/Steadfast75DF nicosulfuron/nicosulfuron + rimsulfuron 0.66 oz/0.75 oz 21 15-30% stand reduction observed
Armezon/Impact 2.8SC topramezone 0.75 fl oz 14 15-30% stand reduction observed
Atrazine 4L atrazine 1-2 qt 15-90 15-30% stand reduction observed
Balance Pro 4L/Balance Flexx 2L isoxaflutole 3 fl oz/6 fl oz 50 – 120 15-30% stand reduction observed
Callisto 4L (includes Acuron, Acuron Flexi, Halex GT, Harness Max, Instigate, Lexar, Lumax, Resicore, Revulin, Solstice, Zemax, etc.) mesotrione 3-6 fl oz 10 – 50 Sequential applications increase the potential for injury | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Capreno 3.45SC tembotrione + thiencarbazone 3 fl oz 15 15-30% stand reduction observed
Clarity/Banvel 4S (DiFlexx, Distinct, Engenia, Status, XtendiMax/FeXapan) dicamba 16-24 fl oz 5-14 Wait 120 days
Corvus 2.63SC isoxaflutole + thiencarbazone 5.6 fl oz 50-120
Dual II Mag 7.62E/Cinch metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50
Harmony 50WDG thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Laudis 3.5SC (DiFlexx Due) tembotrione 3 fl oz 14 Field bioassay recommended | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60
Peak 57WG (and Spirit) prosulfuron 1 oz 9-152
Permit/Sandea 75DF halosulfuron ⅔ oz 9-27
Prowl H2O 3.8CS pendimethalin 3 pt 44 Mid-Atlantic areas have not witnessed carryover
Python 80WDG (Hornet and SureStart flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 15-30% stand reduction observed
Simazine 4L (Princep) simazine 1-2 qt 60
Stinger 3S (Hornet, Resicore, SureStart) clopyralid 5 oz 40 15-30% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Anthem) pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 >30% stand reduction observed

Soybean Plantings

swipe for additional information

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
Assure II/Targa 0.88E Quizalofop 8 oz 60 Wait 120 days
Authority 75DF (Authority First, BroadAxe, Sonic, Spartan) Sulfentrazone 4 oz 32-302 <15% stand reduction observed
Classic 25DF (Authority XL, Canopy, Envive, Fierce, Fierce XLT, Synchrony, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Chlorimuron 0.5-2 oz 40 15-30% stand reduction observed
Dual II Magnum 7.62E/Cinch Metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50 <15% stand reduction observed
FirstRate 84WDG (Authority First, Sonic) Cloransulam 0.3 to 0.6 oz 8-33 <15% stand reduction observed
Harmony 50WDG Thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) Metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60 <15% stand reduction observed
Pursuit 2S (Authority Assist, Optill, Zidua Pro) Imazethapyr 4 fl oz 60-90 <15% stand reduction observed
Python 80WDG Flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 Wait 9 months
Reflex 2E/Flexstar 1.88E (Warrant Ultra) Fomesafen 1.5 pt 100 <15% stand reduction observed
Select 2E Clethodim 10 oz 3 Wait 30 days
Valor 51WDG (Afforia, Envive, Fierce, Surveil, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Flumioxazin 2.5 oz 12-20 <15% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Anthem) Pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 15-30% stand reduction observed