Cereal Rye

Cereal Rye has one of the lowest germination temperatures (around 34°F), making it the most winter-hardy cover crop and one of the best choices for later seeding dates.

Its relatively deep, fibrous roots scavenge nutrients lower in the soil profile and redistribute them closer to the surface. These roots also prevent erosion and aid in building soil organic matter. Performing well on most soil types, cereal rye has a wide window in terms of seeding dates and rates. One of the best crops for weed suppression due to its quick, rapid growth and allelopathic effects, cereal rye is particularly effective on winter annuals including marestail. Cereal rye can be an excellent component for a cattle forage system, either for grazing or harvesting due to its fast and early spring growth although care needs to be taken for a timely harvest to ensure good quality.

Cereal rye is easy to establish in the fall and breaks dormancy early in the spring. When seeded ahead of soybeans, it can be mixed with rapeseed, radish, or other brassicas to enhance overall cover crop benefits. When seeded ahead of soybeans, there is good evidence of reducing white mold and soybean cyst nematode. When planting ahead of corn, additional management is required to avoid tying up too much nitrogen that could result in a yield loss. Yield loss can be reduced by mixing with other species such as oats, legumes, and brassicas.

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Key Benefits

  • Easy to Establish

  • Multiple Termination Methods

  • Allelopathic Effect on Weeds

  • Scavenge Nitrogen

  • Weed Suppression

Technical Information

Erosion Control
Forage Quality
Nutrient Scavenging
Quick Growth
Soil Building
Weed Suppression
Winter Hardiness
Nitrogen Produced
Seeding Rate LBS/A Drilled: 50 – 60
Broadcast: 60 – 75
Aerial: 75 – 90
Seeding Depth ¾ – 2″
Minimum Germination Temperature 34° F
Interseed Late
Seeds/LB 16,000 – 20,000
Seeding rate can be increased for forage production. Consult with your Bio Till representative.

Corn Plantings

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
2,4-D 4S 2,4-D 1-2pt 7 Wait 30 days
Accent 75DF/Steadfast75DF nicosulfuron/nicosulfuron + rimsulfuron 0.66 oz/0.75 oz 21 15-30% stand reduction observed
Armezon/Impact 2.8SC topramezone 0.75 fl oz 14 <15% stand reduction observed
Atrazine 4L atrazine 1-2 qt 15-90 <15% stand reduction observed
Balance Pro 4L/Balance Flexx 2L isoxaflutole 3 fl oz/6 fl oz 50 – 120 15-30% stand reduction observed
Callisto 4L (includes Acuron, Acuron Flexi, Hales GT, Harness Max, Instigate, Lexar, Lumax, Resicore, Revulin, Solstice, Zemax, etc.) mesotrione 3-6 fl oz 10 – 50 Sequential applications increase the potential for injury | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Capreno 3.45SC tembotrione + thiencarbazone 3 fl oz 15 <15% stand reduction observed
Clarity/Banvel 4S (DiFlexx, Distinct, Engenia, Status, XtendiMax/FeXapan) dicamba 16-24 fl oz 5-14 Wait 120 days
Corvus 2.63SC isoxaflutole + thiencarbazone 5.6 fl oz 50-120
Dual II Mag 7.62E/Cinch metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50
Harmony 50WDG thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Laudis 3.5SC (DiFlexx Due) tembotrione 3 fl oz 14 Field bioassay recommended | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60
Peak 57WG (and Spirit) prosulfuron 1 oz 9-152
Permit/Sandea 75DF halosulfuron ⅔ oz 9-27
Prowl H2O 3.8CS pendimethalin 3 pt 44 Mid-Atlantic areas have not witnessed carryover
Python 80WDG (Hornet and SureStart) flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 <15% stand reduction observed
Resolve 25DF (Resolve Q) rimsulfuron 2 oz 2-4 <15% stand reduction observed
Simazine 4L (Princep) simazine 1-2 qt 60
Stinger 3S (Hornet, Resicore, SureStart) clopyralid 5 oz 40 <15% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Anthem) pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 15-30% stand reduction observed

Soybean Plantings

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
Assure II/Targa 0.88E Quizalofop 8 oz 60 Wait 120 days
Authority 75DF (Authority First, BroadAxe, Sonic, Spartan) Sulfentrazone 4 oz 32-302 <15% stand reduction observed
Classic 25DF (Authority XL, Canopy, Envive, Fierce, Fierce XLT, Synchrony, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Chlorimuron 0.5-2 oz 40 <15% stand reduction observed
Dual II Magnum 7.62E/Cinch Metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50 15-30% stand reduction observed
FirstRate 84WDG (Authority First, Sonic) Cloransulam 0.3 to 0.6 oz 8-33 <15% stand reduction observed
Harmony 50WDG Thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) Metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60 15-30% stand reduction observed
Prowl H2O 3.8CS Pendimethalin 3 pt 44  Mid-Atlantic areas have not witnessed carryover
Pursuit 2S (Authority Assist, Optill, Zidua Pro) Imazethapyr 4 fl oz 60-90 <15% stand reduction observed
Python 80WDG Flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 Wait 9 months
Reflex 2E/Flexstar 1.88E (Warrant Ultra) Fomesafen 1.5 pt 100 <15% stand reduction observed
Select 2E Clethodim 10 oz 3 Wait 30 days
Valor 51WDG (Afforia, Envive, Fierce, Surveil, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Flumioxazin 2.5 oz 12-20 15-30% stand reduction observed
Warrant Acetochlor 2 pt 10-20 <15% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Fierce, Anthem, etc.) Pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 15-30% stand reduction observed

Technical Information

Erosion Control
Forage Quality
Nutrient Scavenging
Quick Growth
Soil Building
Weed Suppression
Winter Hardiness
Nitrogen Produced
Seeding Rate

LBS/A

Drilled: 50 – 60
Broadcast: 60 – 75
Aerial: 75 – 90
Seeding Depth ¾ – 2″
Min. Germ. F° 34° F
Interseed Late
Seeds/LB 16,000 – 20,000
Seeding rate can be increased for forage production. Consult with your Bio Till representative.

Corn Plantings

swipe for additional information

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
2,4-D 4S 2,4-D 1-2pt 7 Wait 30 days
Accent 75DF/Steadfast75DF nicosulfuron/nicosulfuron + rimsulfuron 0.66 oz/0.75 oz 21 15-30% stand reduction observed
Armezon/Impact 2.8SC topramezone 0.75 fl oz 14 <15% stand reduction observed
Atrazine 4L atrazine 1-2 qt 15-90 <15% stand reduction observed
Balance Pro 4L/Balance Flexx 2L isoxaflutole 3 fl oz/6 fl oz 50 – 120 15-30% stand reduction observed
Callisto 4L (includes Acuron, Acuron Flexi, Hales GT, Harness Max, Instigate, Lexar, Lumax, Resicore, Revulin, Solstice, Zemax, etc.) mesotrione 3-6 fl oz 10 – 50 Sequential applications increase the potential for injury | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Capreno 3.45SC tembotrione + thiencarbazone 3 fl oz 15 <15% stand reduction observed
Clarity/Banvel 4S (DiFlexx, Distinct, Engenia, Status, XtendiMax/FeXapan) dicamba 16-24 fl oz 5-14 Wait 120 days
Corvus 2.63SC isoxaflutole + thiencarbazone 5.6 fl oz 50-120
Dual II Mag 7.62E/Cinch metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50
Harmony 50WDG thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Laudis 3.5SC (DiFlexx Due) tembotrione 3 fl oz 14 Field bioassay recommended | 15-30% stand reduction observed
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60
Peak 57WG (and Spirit) prosulfuron 1 oz 9-152
Permit/Sandea 75DF halosulfuron ⅔ oz 9-27
Prowl H2O 3.8CS pendimethalin 3 pt 44 Mid-Atlantic areas have not witnessed carryover
Python 80WDG (Hornet and SureStart) flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 <15% stand reduction observed
Resolve 25DF (Resolve Q) rimsulfuron 2 oz 2-4 <15% stand reduction observed
Simazine 4L (Princep) simazine 1-2 qt 60
Stinger 3S (Hornet, Resicore, SureStart) clopyralid 5 oz 40 <15% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Anthem) pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 15-30% stand reduction observed

Soybean Plantings

swipe for additional information

Trade Name Common Name Standard Rate/AC Half-Life (days) Notes
Assure II/Targa 0.88E Quizalofop 8 oz 60 Wait 120 days
Authority 75DF (Authority First, BroadAxe, Sonic, Spartan) Sulfentrazone 4 oz 32-302 <15% stand reduction observed
Classic 25DF (Authority XL, Canopy, Envive, Fierce, Fierce XLT, Synchrony, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Chlorimuron 0.5-2 oz 40 <15% stand reduction observed
Dual II Magnum 7.62E/Cinch Metolachlor 1.67 pt 15-50 15-30% stand reduction observed
FirstRate 84WDG (Authority First, Sonic) Cloransulam 0.3 to 0.6 oz 8-33 <15% stand reduction observed
Harmony 50WDG Thifensulfuron ⅛ oz 12 Wait 45 days
Metribuzin 75DF (Sencor) Metribuzin 0.33 lb ai 14-60 15-30% stand reduction observed
Prowl H2O 3.8CS Pendimethalin 3 pt 44  Mid-Atlantic areas have not witnessed carryover
Pursuit 2S (Authority Assist, Optill, Zidua Pro) Imazethapyr 4 fl oz 60-90 <15% stand reduction observed
Python 80WDG Flumetsulam 1 oz 14-120 Wait 9 months
Reflex 2E/Flexstar 1.88E (Warrant Ultra) Fomesafen 1.5 pt 100 <15% stand reduction observed
Select 2E Clethodim 10 oz 3 Wait 30 days
Valor 51WDG (Afforia, Envive, Fierce, Surveil, Trivence, Valor XLT, etc.) Flumioxazin 2.5 oz 12-20 15-30% stand reduction observed
Warrant Acetochlor 2 pt 10-20 <15% stand reduction observed
Zidua (Fierce, Anthem, etc.) Pyroxasulfone 2.5 oz 20 15-30% stand reduction observed